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Caleb Lewis
Caleb Lewis

Active and Passive Voice in Tamil: A Practical Guide



Active and Passive Voice in Tamil: A Practical Guide




Active and passive voice are two ways of expressing the same action or event in a sentence. In active voice, the subject performs the action on the object. In passive voice, the subject receives the action from the object. For example:




active voice and passive voice in tamil pdf download


Download File: https://www.google.com/url?q=https%3A%2F%2Fmiimms.com%2F2tWzCa&sa=D&sntz=1&usg=AOvVaw1YT_vxNH-oVK7B1jitQ14t



  • They are watching television. (Active voice)



  • Television is being watched by them. (Passive voice)



In this article, we will learn about the rules and examples of active and passive voice in Tamil with a free PDF download. We will also see how to change active voice to passive voice and vice versa in Tamil.


What is Active Voice in Tamil?




Active voice in Tamil is also called சய்வன (seyvinai) or சய்வன வக்கயம் (seyvinai vaakkiyam). In active voice, the subject of the sentence does the action on the object. The subject is usually a person, animal or thing that performs the action. The object is usually a person, animal or thing that receives the action. The verb shows the action and agrees with the subject in number and person. The basic structure of an active voice sentence in Tamil is:


Subject + Verb + Object


For example:


  • அவர் பத்தகத்த படக்கறர். (Avar puththakaththai padikkiraar.) - He is reading a book.



  • நன் அவளக்க பசனன். (Naan avalukku pesinen.) - I spoke to her.



  • நீ என்ன சய்கறீ? (Nee enna seykiree?) - What are you doing?



What is Passive Voice in Tamil?




Passive voice in Tamil is also called சயல்பட்ட வன (seyalpaattu vinai) or சயல்பட்ட வன வக்கயம் (seyalpaattu vinai vaakkiyam). In passive voice, the subject of the sentence receives the action from the object. The subject is usually a person, animal or thing that is affected by the action. The object is usually a person, animal or thing that does the action. The verb shows the action and agrees with the subject in number and person. The basic structure of a passive voice sentence in Tamil is:


Subject + Verb + by + Object


The verb in passive voice has two parts: a form of be (iru) and a past participle of the main verb (-aana/-aatha/-aatta/-itta/-intha/-antha/-antha/-antha/-antha/-antha/-antha/-antha/-antha/-antha/-antha/-antha/-antha/-antha/-antha/-antha/-antha/-antha/-antha/


-aatta). The form of be changes according to the tense, mood and aspect of the sentence. The past participle of the main verb changes according to the gender and number of the subject.


The word by (aal/udan/udan/udan/udan/udan/udan/udan/udan/udan/udan/udan/udan/udan/udan/udan/udan/udan/udan/udan/udan/udan/udan/) shows who or what does the action on the subject.


The word aal is used when the object is singular and masculine or feminine. The word aal/aalum/aalum/aalum/aalum/aalum/aalum/aalum/aalum/aalum/aalum/aalum/aalum/aalum/aalum/aalum/aalum/aalum/aalum/aalum/aalum/) are used when the object is plural and masculine or feminine.


The word udan//em/em/em/em/em/em/em/em/em/em/em/em/em/em/em/em/em/em/em/em/em/) are used when the object is singular or plural and neuter.


The word /em/em/em/em/em/em/em/em/em/em/) are used when there is no specific object mentioned.


The word /em/) are used when there is more than one object mentioned.


The word /em/) are used when there is an indirect object mentioned.


The word /em/) are used when there is a reflexive pronoun as an object.


The word /em/) are used when there is an interrogative pronoun as an object.


The word /em/) are used when there is a relative pronoun as an object.


The word /em/) are used when there is a demonstrative pronoun as an object.


The word /em/) are used when there is an indefinite pronoun as an object.


The word /em/) are used when there is a negative pronoun as an object.


The word /em/) are used when there is a possessive pronoun as an object.


The word /em/) are used when there is a personal pronoun as an object.


The word /em/) are used when there is a compound pronoun as an object.


The word /em/) are used when there is a numeral as an object.


The word /em/) are used when there is an adjective as an object.


The word /em/) are used when there is an adverb as an object.


The word /em/) are used when there is a preposition as an object.


The word /em/) are used when there is a conjunction as an object.


The word /em/) are used when there is an interjection as an object.


The word /em/) are used when there is a particle as an object.


The word /em/) are used when there is a suffix as an object.


The word /em/) are used when there is a prefix as an object.


The word /em/) are used when there is a clitic as an object.


For example:


  • A book was read by him. (Passive voice)



  • அவர் அல்ல ஒர பத்தகம் படத்த இரந்த வட்ட பன் (Avar alli oru puththakam padiththu irunthu vittu poon.) - He read a book there and left. (Active voice)



  • A book was read by him. (Passive voice)



  • A book was read by him. (Passive voice)



  • Puththakam avanaal padiththaapattathu (Puththakam avanaal padiththaapattathu.) - A book was read by him. (Passive voice)



  • Puththakam avanaala padiththaapattathu (Puththakam avanaala padiththaapattathu.) - A book was read by them. (Passive voice)



Puththakam avanaala padiththaapattathu (Puththakam avanaala padiththaapattathu.) - A book was read by them


Conclusion




In this article, we have learned about the active and passive voice in Tamil with rules and examples. We have also seen how to change active voice to passive voice and vice versa in Tamil. We hope this article has helped you to understand the difference between active and passive voice in Tamil and how to use them correctly. If you want to download a free PDF on active and passive voice in Tamil, you can click on the link below. Thank you for reading this article and happy learning!


Download Free Tamil PDF on Active and Passive Voice ca3e7ad8fd


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